A Proofpoint study on the Cost of Phishing has revealed the cost of phishing attacks have almost quadrupled over the past six years. It found large U.S. companies have lost an average of $14.8 million annually (or $1,500 per employee), up sharply from 2015’s figure of $3.8 million.
According to the study, which surveyed nearly 600 IT and IT security practitioners, the most expensive threats to businesses include BEC and ransomware attacks. But the costs to organizations extend far beyond the funds transferred to the attackers.
“When people learn that an organisation paid millions to resolve a ransomware issue, they assume that fixing it cost the company just the ransom. What we found is that ransoms alone account for less than 20 percent of the cost of a ransomware attack,” said Larry Ponemon, Chairman and Founder of Ponemon Institute. “Because phishing attacks increase the likelihood of a data breach and business disruption, most of the costs incurred by companies come from lost productivity and remediation of the issue rather than the actual ransom paid to the attackers.”
Credential compromise (credential theft) generally precedes attacks like BEC and ransomware, usually in the form of an employee being “phished” into giving up their login credentials. According to the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG), phishing is a crime employing both social engineering and technical subterfuge to steal personal identity data and financial account credentials. The growth of phishing is not gradual – it’s growing exponentially, with the APWG estimating that phishing attacks doubled in 2020 alone.
Other key findings from the 2021 Cost of Phishing report include:
- Loss of Productivity is one of phishing’s costliest outcomes. In an average sized U.S. corporation of 9,567 people, this translates to 63,343 wasted hours every year. Each employee wastes an average of seven hours annually due to phishing scams, an increase from four hours in 2015.
- Business Email Compromise costs nearly $6M annually for a large organization. Of that, illicit payments made annually to BEC attackers is $1.17M.
- Ransomware annually costs large organizations $5.66 million. Of that, $790,000 accounts for the paid ransoms themselves.
- Security Awareness Training reduces phishing expenses by more than 50 percent on average.
- Costs for resolving malware infections have more than doubled since 2015. The average total cost to resolve malware attacks is $807,506 in 2021, an increase from $338,098 in 2015.
- Credential compromise costs have increased dramatically since 2015. As a result, organizations are spending more to respond to these attacks. The average cost to contain phishing-based credential compromises increased from $381,920 in 2015 to $692,531 in 2021. Organizations experienced an average of 5.3 compromises over a 12-month period.
- Business leaders should pay attention to probable maximum loss scenarios. For instance, BEC attacks could incur losses from business disruptions of up to $157 million if organizations aren’t prepared. Malware resulting in data exfiltration could cost businesses up to $137 million.
“Because threat actors now target employees instead of networks, credential compromise has exploded in recent years, leaving the door wide-open for much more devastating attacks like BEC and ransomware,” said Ryan Kalember, executive vice president of cybersecurity strategy, Proofpoint.
Download a copy of the report here.